Fly Fishing For Beginners

Fly Fishing For Beginners 

 Whieldon Fly Fishing's Fly Fishing for Beginners web page was created to help bring newcomers to the sport without making it difficult to understand and getting you on the water as soon as possible. We have also compiled lots of great tips.

How to choose a Fly Rod

Firstly lets understand Fly Fishing rods, fly fishing rods are measured by the weight line they are designed to work with, and their length. So a seven-foot, and six-inch, 3 weight rod would be shown like this 7'6" 3#.  Rods are made generally with carbon fiber but can be made of bamboo and fiberglass, each material has either an advantage or can be bought for personal preference.

A lightweight fly line is designed for smaller waters and is generally assigned to a shorter rod length unless its for certain types of nymphing. Check out our blog Fly Fishing for beginners -Euro Nymphing Editions- This is because generally this classification of rods is used in smaller waters such as small streams with lots of cover, stalking trout of a smaller sizeOf course, there is an exception to this. Such as the need for a short rod to be used on a trolling boat but strong enough to fly fish for sailfish, sharks, and larger pelagic species.

Longer length rods give you more casting power and reach salmon fly rods used for spey casts generally are a lot longer in the 14ft range and are designed to use heavier fly lines that shoot further than a lighter line thanks to its weight, or weighted tips.


So recapping rods are measured in ft, and by the fly line, they are assigned to. light lines are used for smaller water where there is not a need to cast long distances to catch smaller fish, Longer rods with heavier lines are used for casting longer distances and to catch bigger fish.

Secondly, we need to answer a few questions before we can get to selecting our rod or rods. Are you wanting to Fly fish for Trout? Pike? Salmon? Carp? Where are you going to Fly Fish? Lakes? Streams? Reservoirs? Sea? Ocean? How where and what to do?

Well for starters you are going to need a fly rod that is best suited for the type of fly fishing you will do. Carp and smaller pike are best tackled with an #8, while proper pike fly fishing is best handled using a #9 or #10. For targeting trout and grayling on medium to large rivers a #4 or #5 is well suited, but you can scale down to a #3 or even a #2 on smaller rivers.

If then you plan to fish different types of waters and species then a good idea would be looking for a fly rod that can adapt to as many scenarios as possible. Check out our other blog Multi purpose fly fishing rod. Orvis is probably the best company I know that design rods used to introduce you to fly fishing, their encounter kids come ready to fish for your targeted species, meaning Orvis have done the thinking for you, they have fitted the correct lines, reels, and rods to the species you want to target. Check out our guide on how to choose the right rod for the fish species read more here


How to choose a Fly Line

Once you have chosen your rod you will be asking yourself what 

So know you know what rod to go for and what its capable of let's have a look at what line is best suited to your rod,

The fly line is one of the most important pieces of gear in fly fishing.  That line is where the whole concept of fly casting and presenting your fly to the fish all come together. Check out our blog on how to choose a fly line here.


Choosing Leaders & Tippets,

Most leaders are tapered monofilament nylon, meaning they are a larger diameter at the butt end, which attaches to the fly line, and a smaller diameter at the tip, where the tippet or fly is tied. ... Tippet is a specific gauge monofilament line that is attached to the end of the leader, to which you tie the fly. You need to keep in mind that length breaking strain and if you want a floating or sinking leader.

First, of length really depends on the weather, water type, and target fish. When you are fly fishing in clear and shallow water, a longer leader is best. if you are fishing in harsh conditions a shorter leader is best such as 9-12ft. Larger stillwaters however usually require longer leaders ranging from 9-24ft.

The best types of leaders are tapered to a fine point, helping to cast better. If you make your own leader or purchase ready-made ones, the strength is important. Nylon is rated by its breaking strain (b.s.) in kilograms or pounds, sometimes also in diameter millimeters/inches. 

Orvis offers a range of ready-made tapered leaders, but you can make your own leaders check out the guide to DIY small water leaders hereEach leader and tippet has different breaking strains. Lighter breaking strains are for smaller fish and are less visible in the water, heavier breaking strains are for bigger fish species but more visible. so finding the correct safe balance for fish safety is essential.


What is the best reel for my fly rod?


Ok so we are almost there, we have looked at rods, lines, tippets, leaders and now let's look at what reel is best for your rod. Pick one that can hold the necessary amount of backing and fly line for the weight of rod that you are fishing with. Another key point in choosing a fly reel is the drag system on the fly reel. Some reels don't have a drag or disc break others do. a drag system helps once you have set the hook the fish will shoot off, balancing, tightening, or loosening the drag system tire the fish out and prevent you line snapping. make sure you keep in mind if you will be fishing in fresh or saltwater. They are built with different materials saltwater wild destroy a freshwater reel in minutes if not washed right away. Check out our blog on Choosing a fly reel


Choosing fly fishing flies

Now you'll be at the stage where you'll need basic help choosing & using fishing flies. But don't worry, we have advice here and a few tips to start your fishing fly collection. There's also the opportunity to grab hold of some flies for your holiday!! Fancy a Sea Bass?

 Check out our guide on how to choose fly fishing flies


learn some knots

Ok, now you need to learn some great knots to help you, mend breaks, secure flies and even join different sections together. Check out our guide best knots for fly fishing knot for fly fishing



Troutcatchers realise that starting this hobby can be a huge investment, therefore we have teamed up with our suppliers to design the best value for money Fly Fishing Outfits we can find. Starting at less than £60.00 we are able to suit every budget and ability level. Choose from a variety of complete outfits, or mix and match a custom balenced outfit of your own to perfectly suit your style, budget, and target species.

I realize that starting a new hobby can be expensive so whieldon fly fishing has teamed up with Orvis to offer you the best deals on kits, leaders, tippets rods, and reals. You can choose a variety of balanced outfits  to match budget and target species. Visit the store


How to read the river

If you are fishing on the river, river knowledge is an essential part to fly fishing, Whieldon fly fishing has created a book for you, discover how to read the river and water knowledge and inhabce your fishing experience on the river. Buy the hard cover here, or download the free ebook here



1 commenti


Thanks for the informative post. I wanted to learn the basics of fly fishing, and I happened to read the above post. I regularly follow updates on fishing techniques at I recently purchased a multi-purpose fishing rod, and it makes my job relatively easy during fly fishing.

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